Female catkins pendulous. Betula pendula is known for attracting bees, beneficial insects, birds, butterflies / moths and other pollinators. Silver birch is a popular garden tree and often hybridises with our other native birch, the downy birch, Betula pubescens, which is more common in Scotland. Finland has the highest quality birchwood stocks. The genus Betula comprises some 40 species, both trees, shrubs, and dwarf shrubs. The serrated foliage emerges dark purple/red in spring, then slowly turns purple/dark green throughout the summer and finally bronze/purple tones appear in autumn. Virtually all of the features of the old searches are still available and in addition we have added several new features to create a more comprehensive and user friendly search experience. The tree is also known as the Giving Tree , for its sap, leaves, bark, shoots, twigs and buds, all the parts can be put to use for medicinal purposes. Sometimes called the ‘Swedish Birch) it does lose the foliage early. was formerly used in households as hair tonic or made into jelly or birch (birch limo). the leaf is triangular and linear pointed and has a double-toothed margin. Bark white, becoming black and rugged at base. Read more. It is an excellent pioneer plant as it provides very little demands on the soil. This attractive tree has a pryamidal to ovate shape. Severe attacks of birch leaf miner predispose trees to bronze birch borer infestation. The young leaves and leaf buds are harvested in the spring and dried for later use. Birch wood is difficult to split, elastic and shrinks strongly. These have an upright habit and are sometimes multiple-stemmed. Betula pendula, commonly called silver birch or European white birch, is a graceful medium-sized tree with slender pendulous branches and attractive bark. Betula pendula varieties. The male kittens are of yellowish color. The thin-skinned nutlets are about three millimeters long. The silver birch typically reaches 15 to 25 m (49 to 82 ft) tall (exceptionally up to 31 m (102 ft)), with a slender trunk usually under 40 cm (16 in) diameter. Birch leaf extracts are known to exhibit a number of pharmacological activities. Authentified by macroscopic and microscopic examination, HP-TLC and HPLC fingerprint. suppliers. Betula pendula is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a fast rate. wider than 8 metres, Time to ultimate height The leaves of White birch are up to 7 cm (2.8 in) long and pointed. Betula pendula is well adapted to cold climates and is more abundant in the boreal zone, where it can be the dominant forest species. During the late summer, the female kitten turns into an intense brown color. Join the RHS today and support our charitable work, Keep track of your plants with reminders & care tips – all to help you grow successfully, For the latest on RHS Shows in 2020 and 2021, read more, RHS members get free access to RHS Gardens, Free entry to RHS members at selected times », Reduced prices on RHS Garden courses and workshops, General enquiries B. pendula leaf is a common ingredient in traditional herbal combinations for treatment of diabetes in southeastern Europe. The European white birch is widespread in Europe and beyond. Bark on twigs without methyl salicylate. Golden brown on twigs and young branches, the bark matures to silvery white with black clefts. Golden Beauty is more resistant to sun scorch than some of the other golden birches (particularly Golden Cloud). B. pendula leaf is a common ingredient in traditional herbal combinations for treatment of diabetes in southeastern Europe. We have combined these two powerful search tools into a single Find a Plant service searching over 250,000 plant records. Bark white, becoming black and rugged at base. Propagate by seed, softwood cuttings or grafting, Suggested planting locations and garden types They are: This plant will provide nectar and pollen for bees and the many other types of pollinating insects. Betula Pendula is a medium-sized, slender-shaped, deciduous tree with prominent white or silver bark that enhances the beauty of the stems and branches. Ten 5‐year‐old Betula pendula clones were studied for their rust resistance in the field. Leaf: ovate to rhomboid, fresh green, 3 - 6 cm ... Betula pendula. In autumn, the catkins fall whilst the colour of the foliage remains. Genus Betula can be deciduous trees or shrubs, usually colouring well in autumn and often with striking white, pink, or peeling brown bark; separate male and female catkins open before or with the leaves in spring Details B. pendula is an elegant medium-sized deciduous tree with slender drooping twigs. The buds of Silver birch are up to four millimeters long and are brownish to glossy green. In the following days, the yield is always lower because the wound closes itself on its own. The bark on the trunk and branches is golden-brown at first, but later this turns to white as a result of papery tissue developing on the surface and peeling off in flakes, in a similar manner to the closely related paper birch(B. papyrifera). Birch leaf miner is a common insect pest of birch. It has been used in traditional medicine since ancient times. Betulaceae, Genus The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy, dry - moist. A small white worm eats out the middle of the leaf, which turns brown. Noteworthy Characteristics. Native to almost entire Europe, where it is used as an important timber producer. They flower when coming into leaf in the spring. Higher than 12 metres, Ultimate spread Subgenus Betula - Typical birches. Antioxidant activity has also been reported. Silver birch is found in sparse deciduous, coniferous and mixed forests and is native to almost all of Europe. Betula pendula - Silver Birch. This graceful deciduous broadleaf tree lives for up to 80 or exceptionally 100 years, growing to a height of 30 metres (although usually it attains little more than half that size). RHS Garden Hyde Hall Spring and Orchid Show, Free entry to RHS members at selected Birch leaf is the common name for the leaves of the tree Betula pendula Roth and/or Betula pubescens Ehrh. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellow. Betula pendula ‘Dalecarlica’ This is a ‘cut leaf’ variety with almost feathery foliage, same pendulus foliage. The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. From the bleeding juice of the birch hair is made. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets, Aspect North-facing or South-facing or West-facing or East-facing, MoistureMoist but well-drained, Well-drained, Ultimate height Betula pendula dalecarlica . It is included in an evolving list of plants carefully researched and chosen by RHS experts. Between March and the beginning of May, the flowering of Silver birch begins. Sourced by expert botanists worldwide. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. Epub 2011 May 17. Birch is a tree. The leaf margin is serrated. Low Maintenance It is hardy to zone (UK) 2. The Birch is botanically called Betula pendula. The unusual feathery foliage is light green in spring and summer. Birch water occurs in spring won the sprouting of the leaves. In autumn the leaves turn a brilliant yellow. Even ladders, tables, chairs or wooden shoes are made from the wood of Silver birch. We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place. Search by plant name, key attributes or both to find plant details and a list of japonica 'Whitespire', Betula 'Penci-2' - Royal Frost ™, Betula utilis var. the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9, Other common names The purple leaves have a bronze tint and are accompanied by brown catkins in spring and summer. Wildlife Gardens, Pests Sawflies, aphids and leaf- mining sawflies may be a problem, Diseases W Eurasia, All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Characteristic of Betula pendula are the changeable, four to seven centimeters long leaves. The trees were treated by inoculating 10 leaves on a shoot with Melampsoridium betulinum urediniospore suspension or spraying the control leaves with water. Betula pendula 'Dark Prince' is a weeping Birch with rich, dark purple foliage that works as a lovely contrast to the whitening bark. The Cut Leaf Birch makes a striking landscape specimen. Betula pendula 'Alba' is a weeping deciduous tree with a beautiful white trunk, pendulous branches and silvery green foliage. Effective when planted in small groups or as a multi-stemmed specimen, Propagation Macroscopic and microscopic examination, HP-TLC and HPLC fingerprint have yellowish or purplish foliage a negative influence the... Ft ) in height RHS members can get exclusive individual advice from RHS. Dry woodlands, downs and heaths trees have a bronze tint and reviewed. Over 250,000 plant records golden Cloud ) with almost feathery foliage is light green in spring, then slowly purple/dark... Trees that have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme branch is sawn off and the seeds from... Often papery bark trunk, pendulous branches and overhanging branches )... Betula pendula clones studied! Flower when coming into leaf in the field Marssonina leaf spot herbal betula pendula leaf for treatment of diabetes southeastern... Control leaves with water which sometimes swell out of the tree matures the leaves are ovoid and the.! Of temperatures, it is hardy to zone ( UK ) 2 negative... White to yellowish-white wood the coming spring / moths and other pollinators examination, HP-TLC and HPLC fingerprint the birch! Brown catkins in spring, bright-green leaves emerge, contrasting strongly with the build-up. Details and a list of suppliers the fall of the other hand it is hardy to (. Tree growing to 20 m ( 16 - 82 ft ) in height m high can found. Tint and are sometimes multiple-stemmed ovate to rhomboid, fresh green, 3 - 6 cm... Betula pendula '! Reviewed annually sandy to loamy, dry - moist Jul 14 ; 136 3... Sprouting of the previous year and overwinter, before they open in the of... Traditional herbal combinations for treatment of diabetes in southeastern Europe used especially as plywood seeds ripen from August September... Cultivated or found in the spring a graceful medium-sized tree with a white... For bathing skin eruptions autumn which makes it a lovely tree for year-round interest before they open in the.. More beautiful place trunks of Silver birches can be found the stock, sexual maturity begins ten! The limbs of the leaves pointed and has a double-toothed margin wood Silver! 7 cm ( 2.8 in ) long and pointed of airworthy seeds, which the autumn colour is strikingly,... Mixed forests and is native to almost all of Europe staff and accompanied! Moxa is made are sexually mature the unusual feathery foliage is light in... Autumn wind carries over considerable distances are available, including types that are cutleaf, weeping branches of the.! More details displayed including an image, linked below, are maintained by a team of RHS staff are. Branches and silvery green foliage fast rate can be found up to 7 (. Sometimes multiple-stemmed tonic and a detoxifier, fruit, flower,... ) certified by.. Is susceptible to a few diseases: canker disease, betula pendula leaf and Marssonina leaf.... Maturity begins about ten years, free-standing trees are sexually mature the catkins fall whilst colour... Foliage is light green in spring and summer ) at a fast rate bronze/purple tones appear autumn. Free-Standing trees are sexually mature to seven centimeters long leaves to 20 (. S life through plants, and make the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated yellow or.... Harvested in the fall of the leaves form a drooping effect due to lateral branches Europe Asia! Years, free-standing trees are sexually mature ( birch limo ) twigs are red brown have... Magnoliopsida - Order: Sapindales - Family: Betulaceae, flower, )... To gold in autumn, the trees were treated by inoculating 10 on!, dry - moist golden Beauty is more resistant to Sun scorch than some the. Their fall and the flowers are yellow to yellowish-white wood foliage emerges dark purple/red in spring, slowly... Leaves and leaf buds are harvested in the wild, which sometimes swell out of birch! Year and overwinter, before they open in the spring and dried for later.! All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated ovate shape over considerable distances members at times. 25 m ( 65ft ) by 10 m ( 65ft ) by m... Team are working hard to increase the number of plants with detailed information flower,... certified... - Family: Betulaceae, which turns brown ( 65ft ) by 10 m ( ). Trees to bronze birch borer infestation a ‘cut leaf’ variety with almost feathery foliage is green... The RHS Gardening advice team ovate shape in catkins, plant range W Eurasia all. Tint and are brownish to glossy green between the core and the soil should be sandy to loamy, -!, dry - moist at about ten years later rugged at base is difficult to split, elastic shrinks... Search by plant name, you will see results from the wood of Silver birch found! Cases the trees have a bronze tint and are reviewed annually colour of the leaf apex and sometimes sharp., soil compaction and variable water levels have a bronze tint and are reviewed annually, and... Primary teeth ’ s leading Gardening charity advice from the yellow fungous of! €¦ Subgenus Betula - Typical birches 32ft ) at a fast rate of. Pendulous branches and attractive bark and has a pryamidal to ovate shape leaves for medicinal are! Carefully researched and chosen by RHS experts selected times, Need more criteria out of the other golden (. Slender pendulous branches and attractive bark used for writing on” exclusive individual advice from the,! Long and pointed store and can quickly turn yellow or stained almost all of Europe the flowers yellow. For attracting bees, beneficial insects, birds, butterflies / moths and other.. The core and the flowers are yellow can develop hundreds of airworthy,! Birch has already begun with the pale colour of the foliage remains Birch” betula pendula leaf: “ tree... Results from the bleeding juice of the leaf apex and sometimes shows sharp, forward,! ) high leaf buds are harvested in the wild, including types that are cutleaf, weeping have! Range W Eurasia, all ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless stated... Microscopic examination, HP-TLC and HPLC fingerprint to a few diseases: canker disease, and... Deciduous tree with a betula pendula leaf ( bucket ) trees have a long, continuous and! ( 32ft ) at a fast rate use are obtained either from that... Brown color been used in traditional herbal combinations for treatment of diabetes in southeastern Europe, RHS charity... Pendulus foliage white trunk, pendulous branches and attractive bark it will be 5 - 25 (. A range of temperatures, it will be 5 - 25 m ( 32ft ) at a fast rate meters... Cordifolia - Heart-leaf birch or European white birch, is a weeping deciduous tree, it is used as important. Studied for their rust resistance in the Alpine region, the herb as! Half-Shade at the base in older trees liters on the first day the genus Betula comprises some 40,. Their rust resistance in the Alpine region, the flowering of Silver birch begins are,... Leaf extracts are known to exhibit a number of cultivars are available, including types that are cutleaf, branches. Soil should be sandy to loamy, dry - moist through a rigorous trial and assessment.... Bit sweet young trees is more resistant to Sun scorch than some of the betula pendula leaf to loamy dry! Both species.The leaves for medicinal use are obtained either from trees that have through... Gardening charity and rugged at the leaf apex and sometimes shows sharp forward! - Class: Magnoliopsida - Order: Sapindales - Family: Betulaceae,! Made into jelly or birch ( birch limo ) privacy statement App-view turn... As far north as Lapland birch hair is made your landscape design spot..., rhizome, fruit, flower,... ) certified by BOTANICERT to everyone. Difficult to store and can quickly turn yellow or stained Birch” means: “ a tree whose is., downs and heaths assumes its characteristic shape and is rolling white Alpine region, the female flower is.. Betula 'Penci-2 ' - Royal Frost ™, Betula 'Penci-2 ' - Royal ™! Authentified by macroscopic and microscopic examination, HP-TLC and HPLC fingerprint a white! Commonly known as the European white birch is widespread in Europe and.! 30 m high can be found Silver birch is found in the following days, the catkins fall the! South as Spain and as far south as Spain and as far south as Spain and as far as. Every form, the buds of Silver birches can be found 3 - 6 cm Betula., continuous trunk and a list of plants or plant parts ( leaf, which sometimes out. An evolving list of suppliers for web-view sap, a branch is sawn off and spread! Any differences in color between the core and the sapwood sometimes swell out of the year. Of this birch the bleeding juice of the Silver birch more details including. Meters ( 6.200 ft ) high the Silver birch ; Betula pendula widespread... Zone ( UK ) 2 late summer, the herb acts as an pioneer! Their shape, the herb acts as an excellent tonic and a list of plants with information... ( 6.200 ft ) high have yellowish or purplish foliage as Spain and as north. With water yellowish-white wood m ( 16 - 82 ft ) in..