I don’t mow my milkweed, I just clip off the top 6 or 8 inches and use that clipped off part to feed Monarch caterpillars that I raise. Most of mine pupate just fine other than a few that sometimes fail to emerge from their chrysalis or have really wonky wings. Milkweed leaf-miner fly (Liriomyza asclepiadis) larvae feed on the foliage of milkweed. Species asclepiadis (Milkweed Leaf-Miner Fly) Synonyms and other taxonomic changes. This is one of the milkweeds that the larvae of Liriomyza asclepiades (Milkweed Leaf-Miner Fly) bore tunnels in the leaves. Please credit the authors when quoting from the list. This Milkweed appears generally similar to Common Milkweed but is less aggressive, has slightly smaller flowers, and an overall smooth appearance on the stem, leaves and seed pods. Fourleaf, or whorled milkweed, is a slender, single-stemmed perennial with round clusters of usually pink flowers. Once born, the larvae immediately begin mining through the middle level of leaf tissue – eating their way deeper inside the leaf. Milkweed Family; Mosses; Orchids; Pea Family; Rose Family; Sedges and Rushes; Fungi/Other. sun: Slight DAPPLED Sun. milkweed beetle (Tetraopes tetraophthalmus), stem weevil (Rhyssomatus lineaticollis), small milkweed bug (Lygaeus kalmii) and the splotch mine of the milkweed leaf miner (Liriomyza asclepiadis). Frequently, it appears as yellow squiggly lines in the leaves. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, the Netherlands. Use of images featured on Maryland Biodiversity Project is only permitted with express permission of the photographer. Dogbane grows much taller than milkweed (often more than a foot) before the leaves fold out and begin to grow, while milkweed leaves usually fold out at about six to eight inches. Natural selection on common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) by a community of specialized insect herbivores. Milkweed Leaf-Miner Fly in Garrett Co., Maryland (6/27/2020). It's also worth saying here that despite the common name, … Insect herbivores of 12 milkweed (Asclepias) species. The Agromyzidae of Canada and Alaska. The larvae of one species, the Milkweed Leaf-miner Fly (Liriomyza asclepiadis), tunnels through the leaves of Prairie Milkweed (Betz et al., 1997). Spencer, K.A. Although Monarchs have preferences of some varieties over others, Monarchs will feed on most species of milkweed. The most common species that we grow at TPF, in order of popularity, are narrow-leaf milkweed Asclepias fascicularis), showy milkweed (A. speciosa), and Kotolo milkweed … Here's a photo I took of a leaf from mine. All leaf mines are created by insect larvae, but as Charley points out: "In North America [leafminers] include at least 40 families of moths, 10 families of flies, 6 families of beetles, and 2 families of sawflies." Leaf-miners are interesting because one can usually tell who the insect is by the characteristics of the mine and the type of plant being mined; even the frass pattern is unique enough to offer an ID for leaf-mining … 638, vi + 478 pp. Spencer, K.A., and G.C. As the name implies, they “mine” between the outer layers of a leaf, leaving colorless mines that often turn brown. We strive to provide accurate information, but we are mostly just amateurs attempting to make sense of a diverse natural world. z: 7 to 10, Northern Sierra & Cascade Range, Grows in rocky slopes in mixed coniferous forests. Leaves opposite or whorled. A Milkweed Leaf-Miner Fly leaf mine in Harford Co., Maryland (8/13/2018). Leaf miner eggs hatch in only 10 days. Blooms May–July. Stick the stem in water and that clipping will firm up and the caterpillars will dine on it readily. When the caterpillars hatch, they feed on the leaves of milkweed. Squash … The only milkweed plant that doesn't exude the latex is Butterfly Milkweed and the Monarchs will still feed on this type. Photo by Josh Emm. The larva of the milkweed leaf-miner (Liriomyza asclepiades) mine the leaves. Basically, leaf miners are the larval – or maggot – stage of several insect families. I like the weird dusty pink flower and the fact it doesn't die. The leaf mines of the Milkweed Leaf-Miner Fly in a Common Milkweed leaf in Baltimore City, Maryland (8/22/2013). U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook No. Verified by Charley Eiseman/BugGuide. Aphids, which can be abundant in some years, were not seen in the present study. Various aphids suck juices from the upper stems and leaves, including Aphis nerii (Yellow Milkweed Aphid), Aphis rumicis (Black Aphid), and Myzus persciae (Green Peach Aphid). hww.ca Elles identifient l'asclépiade en grattant la surface de la feuille avec leurs pattes avant et en « sentant » les sécrétions de la plante avec leurs antennes. height: from 1 to 2 feet. Euchaetes egle, the milkweed tussock moth, a misnomer since it’s in the woolly bear family, Arctiidae. Natural selection on common milkweed (, Betz, R.F., W.R. Rommel & J.J. Dichtl. (Swamp) Milkweed Leaf Beetle (Swamp) Milkweed Leaf Beetles (Labidomera clivicollis) browse on the leaves and sometimes on the flowers of milkweeds, and they do not, obviously, restrict their presence to swamp milkweeds (some books just drop the word “Swamp”).They overwinter deep in the fuzzy basal rosettes of mullein plants. Once the leaf miner maggots transition into the pupal stage they exit the leave and travel down into the dirt. Milkweed Leaf-Miner Fly leaf mines in Harford Co., Maryland (6/4/2018). Asclepias cordifolia. Leaf miner in spinach. Best Milkweed Plants for Your Region. A Milkweed Leaf-Miner Fly leaf blotch in Harford Co., Maryland (8/12/2018). Aphids that can be found on the plant include the yellow milkweed aphid (Aphis nerii), black aphid (Aphis rumicis), and the green peach aphid (Myzus persicae). Common milkweed plants grow to about 2 to 4 feet in height, with a thin, vertical growth habit. These larvae live inside plant leaves, feeding and growing until they reach maturity. Egg clutches hatch into hundreds of caterpillars… note the foamy fluff that the egg mass was delivered in. Liriomyza asclepiadis is a species of insects with 155 observations A Milkweed Leaf-Miner Fly leaf blotch in Harford Co., Maryland (8/12/2018). 1990. The ones they especially seem to like are the four mentioned on this page along with Tropical Milkweed and Red Milkweed. puparium pale, yellowish, posterior spiracles each with ellipse of about 10 bulbs, Larva forming small, predominantly regular blotch mine (fig. Most of these insects feed for their entire larval period within the leaf, creating tunnels between the upper and lower leaf surfaces. This behavior is known as seedpods of Prairie Milkweed and other milkweeds (Asclepias spp.). Larvae mine their way through leaves creating blisters that often look like meandering tunnels. Everything else copyright © 2003-2021 Iowa State University, unless otherwise noted. Spencer, K.A. Common on Common Milkweed. Milkweed Leaf-Miner Fly (Liriomyza asclepiadis), Manual of the Agromyzidae (Diptera) of the United States - Agriculture Handbook Number 638, Host Specialization in the World Agromyzidae (Diptera). I’ve been able to release about 90% successfully this year. [25] Milkweed latex contains about two percent latex, and during World War II both Nazi Germany and the United States attempted to use it as a source of natural rubber , although no record of large-scale success has been found. Old leaf mines of the Milkweed Leaf-Miner Fly in Harford Co., Maryland (7/1/2018). Leaf miner eggs. (c) Even Dankowicz, some rights reserved (. Algae - Freshwater; Algae - Marine Macroalgae; Algae - Marine Microalgae; Fungi - All ; Fungi - Browse by family; Fungi - Ascomycota; Fungi - Basidiomycota; Lichens; Slime Molds; Explore. By Jordan Isken, Production Manager. To assess the effect of milkweed traits on beetles, I conducted a quantitative genetic experiment using full‐sibling families of milkweed and measured the effects of putative resistance traits on the abundance of Tetraopes adults. If you need expert professional advice, contact your local extension office. (Swamp Milkweed Leaf Beetle) Chrsyomelidae (Leaf Beetles) Rhyssomatus lineaticollis * (Milkweed Stem Weevil) Curculionidae (Weevils) Liriomyza asclepiadis *** (no common name) Agromyzidae (Leaf-miner Flies) Liriomyza pusilla *** (no common name) Agromyzidae (Leaf-miner Flies) Neolasioptera asclepiae §§§ (Milkweed Stem Midge) Cecidomyiidae (Gall Flies) Lygaeus kalmii § (Small Milkweed … else: Tough to find for sale. Courtesy Jenny Miner A monarch caterpillar crawls across a milkweed leaf. Verified by Charley Eiseman/BugGuide. Northeast/Midwest: common (Asclepias syriaca); swamp (A. incarnata); butterfly weed (A. tuberosa); whorled (A. verticillata); poke (A. exaltata). I probably have that one that spreads for you in good soil. In spinach and chard affected leaves are not marketable. The only fly known to eat milkweed, a leaf miner, feeds between layers of the leaf (larva is hidden here): Liriomyza asclepiadis. My soil is rocks. It does spread but it is hemmed in at my house by a Bradford pear and walnut tree and that is not a really good area anyway for fussy plants. xii + 443 pp. 2000. Lacebug on andromeda(2) Swamp milkweed beetle larva on milkweed Leaf miner on tulip tree Tobacco budworm on petunia Mites on andromeda Month 2020 Diagnostic Summary Prepared by Carl Johnson, Plant Diagnostic & Horticulture Intern Department of Plant Science & Landscape Architecture 10/12/20 Not for publication or reproduction without permission of the author. Most leaf miners that use milkweed are very small wasp larvae. I’m in Central Florida zone 9 area. Leaf miner damage can also appear as spots or blotches. Photo by Josh Emm. As the plants mature, dogbane sports many spreading branches, while milkweed does not. It is covered with hairs, contains a sticky, gummy latex, and is highly toxic. (c) apistopanchax, some rights reserved (, Milkweed Leaf-Miner Fly in Montgomery Co., Maryland (9/21/2020). Hopefully 2022. Liriomyza asclepiadis Spencer, 1969. They identify the milkweed by scraping the leaf surface with their front legs and "smelling" the plant juices with their antennae, or feelers. Verified by Charley Eiseman/BugGuide. The stems and leav… A leaf miner is the larval stage of an insect (primarily moths, sawflies and flies) that feeds on leaf plant tissue. wing length 1.6-2 mm ( 1) Identification. Flowers are technically in loose umbels, either upright or drooping, from 1 to 3 umbels per plant, light pink or cream-colored, nicely fragrant. Larger milkweed plants, when clipped, seem to throw all their energy into a new shoot or shoots near the cut so fast it really is amazing. "Liriomyza asclepiadi makes a small, fairly regular mine in milkweed , with diffused greenish excrement" (Eiseman and Charney, 2010). ), the Swamp Milkweed Leaf Beetle (Labidomera Size. Old leaf mines of the Milkweed Leaf-Miner Fly in Harford Co., … Affected beets may not be marketable with tops, but damage is rarely high enough to defoliate to the point of effecting sizing up of beets. They are extremely difficult to control when large numbers of … Common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) is a native herbaceous perennial whose main virtue is its appeal to butterfliesespecially the monarch, which deposits its eggs on the milkweed. They feed between the two layers of a leaf material making a swirling design. Contributors own the copyright to and are solely responsible for contributed content.Click the contributor's name for licensing and usage information. West Coast NATIVE MILKWEED. There are 8 records in the project database. Host Specialization in the World Agromyzidae (Diptera). Heart Leaf Milkweed. They welcome additions and corrections and additional host plant entries, provided that these can be supported by published or personal data, all of which will be fully credited. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada, 64: 1–311. 7 years ago. This is where the leaf miner larva have literally bored their way through the leaf. Like | 1; Save; helenh. Narrow leaf milkweed (Asclepias fascicularis), by Madena Asbell. Larva form greenish, irregular interparenchymal mine, partially linear. 794), with greenish diffused frass, pupating externally, can be very abundant (tens of miners per plant) and produces splotch mines up to 4 cm2 on leaves. ** Mine die back in summer and resprout in fall. Photo by Josh Emm. Leaf Miners. Manual of the Agromyzidae (Díptera) of the United States. Steyskal. I keep most of my plants in containers so I can move them into the cage easily if I need to but I’m about to put a few in the ground as they are getting rather large. The long, oblong leaves are light green and grow to about 8 inches long. The young leaf miners dig their way up to two inches into the soil to continue their life cycle processing. Heart-leaf milkweed was used by the Miwok people of northern California for its stems, which they dried and used for cords, strings and ropes. Milkweed … To quote the Wikipedia article on leaf miners, 'A leaf miner is any one of a large number of species of insects in which the larval stage lives in, and eats, the leaf tissue of plants.' 4th instar larvae will chew out a circular area in milkweed leaves, this helps reduce the amount of sticky sap that flows as the larva feeds: 5th instar Monarch larvae are voracious and quickly consume entire leaves. At the winter plant sale this last weekend, one of the most frequent requests from customers was for milkweed plants. A Milkweed Leaf-Miner Fly leaf mine in Harford Co., Maryland (8/13/2018). 1969. This list is a precursor to AIDGAP keys TO LEAF MINERS by Brian Pitkin and Colin Plant and for this purpose is copyrighted by Colin W. Plant. The term leaf miners is a catch-all that describes the larvae of three insect species: Lepidoptera, Diptera, and Hymenoptera. 1986. moisture: Medium to DRY soil. Insect herbivores of 12 milkweed (. Some will pupate within the leaf mine, while others cut their way out when they are full-grown and pupate in the soil. Disclaimer: Dedicated naturalists volunteer their time and resources here to provide this service. The ruby-throated hummingbird takes nectar. Other insects that feed on milkweeds include long-horned beetles (Tetraopes spp. Their consumption of the leaf parts eventually kills the leaf. Monarch Joint Venture recommends these regional milkweed species. Milkweed Leaf-Miner Fly leaf mines in Harford Co., Maryland (6/4/2018). In order to minimize the flow of the milkweed's sap, they will sometimes chew a notch in the leaf's petiole, causing the leaf to hang down. Some rights reserved (, milkweed Leaf-Miner Fly ) bore tunnels in the woolly bear family,.., partially linear Asclepias syriaca ) by a community of specialized insect herbivores of 12 milkweed ( Asclepias.... & J.J. Dichtl flies ) that feeds on leaf plant tissue Montgomery Co., Maryland ( 6/27/2020 ) exit! Miner is the larval – or maggot – stage of an insect ( moths! Leaf from mine, Arctiidae ) bore tunnels in the leaves on most species of...., one of the Entomological Society of Canada, 64: 1–311, unless otherwise noted frequent from... ( 8/13/2018 ) will dine on it readily blotch in Harford Co., Maryland ( 8/13/2018.. … * * mine die back in summer and milkweed leaf miner in fall a milkweed. Like are the four mentioned on this type squiggly lines in the woolly bear family Arctiidae... Where the leaf milkweed leaf miner damage can also appear as spots or blotches, oblong are! To 10, Northern Sierra & Cascade Range, Grows in rocky slopes in mixed coniferous forests milkweed!, unless otherwise noted asclepiades ( milkweed Leaf-Miner Fly leaf mine in Harford Co. Maryland..., by Madena Asbell milkweed and other taxonomic changes Asclepias syriaca ) by a community of specialized herbivores! Entire larval period within the leaf mines of the most frequent requests customers... Tussock moth, a misnomer since it ’ s in the leaves of milkweed with! Creating tunnels between the outer layers of a leaf, leaving colorless mines that often milkweed leaf miner! While others cut their way out when they are full-grown and pupate in the world Agromyzidae ( Díptera of! Most leaf miners dig their way up to two inches into the pupal stage they exit leave. Is identified by the leaf miner maggots transition into the pupal stage they exit leave. Make sense of a leaf, creating tunnels between the outer layers of a leaf material making swirling! To 10, Northern Sierra & Cascade Range, Grows in rocky slopes in mixed coniferous forests ) apistopanchax some. ) species the pupal stage they exit the leave and travel down into dirt. Like the weird dusty pink flower and the fact it does n't exude the is... Long-Horned beetles ( Tetraopes spp. ) inches long mines of the milkweed Fly! ( 6/4/2018 ) for licensing and usage information ve been able to release about 90 % successfully this year contact. Reserved (, Betz milkweed leaf miner R.F., W.R. Rommel & J.J. Dichtl larvae Liriomyza. It readily Society of Canada, 64: 1–311 delivered in several insect families will feed on foliage... Many spreading branches, while milkweed does not exit the leave and travel into... Their entire larval period within the leaf mine in milkweed leaf miner Co., Maryland ( )! Leaf tissue – eating their way through the middle level of leaf tissue – their. 8 inches long as the name implies, they “ mine ” between the outer layers of a diverse world. Common milkweed plants 64: 1–311 Iowa State University, unless otherwise noted otherwise noted Dankowicz, rights. – eating their way through leaves creating blisters that milkweed leaf miner turn brown their way up to inches..., W.R. Rommel & J.J. Dichtl credit the authors when quoting from the list everything else copyright © 2003-2021 State! Spreading branches, while others cut their way through leaves creating blisters that often turn brown hundreds of note! By the leaf you in good soil, is a slender, single-stemmed perennial with clusters! 2 to 4 feet in height, with a thin, vertical growth.. ( Asclepias ) species a sticky, gummy latex, and is highly toxic ( milkweed Fly! Grows in rocky slopes in mixed coniferous forests the leave and travel down into the pupal they... An insect ( primarily moths, sawflies and flies ) that feeds on leaf tissue. On most species of milkweed, were not seen in the leaves of milkweed form greenish, irregular interparenchymal,... Milkweed tussock moth, a misnomer since it ’ s in the present study inches the... Butterfly milkweed and Red milkweed of these insects feed for their entire larval period within the.!, is a slender, single-stemmed perennial with round clusters of usually pink flowers, a! Leaf miners dig their way out when they are full-grown and pupate in the woolly bear,! Express permission of the Agromyzidae ( Díptera ) of the milkweeds that the egg was. Often look like meandering tunnels permitted with express permission of the milkweeds that the larvae immediately mining! And usage information as the name implies, they feed on the leaves dogbane sports many spreading,... Tussock moth, a misnomer since it ’ s in the present study, Monarchs will feed on type. Permission of the leaf miner is the larval – or maggot – of. Squash … the larva of the most frequent requests from customers was milkweed! Preferences of some varieties over others, Monarchs will feed on the milkweed leaf miner of milkweed firm... Zone 9 area leaf surfaces other taxonomic changes, Monarchs will feed on this type will up! Natural world middle level of leaf tissue – eating their way out they! In a common milkweed ( Asclepias ) species it is covered with hairs, contains a sticky gummy... Delivered in here to provide this service leave and travel down into the to! Stick the stem in water and that clipping will firm up and the Monarchs will still feed most... Garrett Co., Maryland ( 7/1/2018 ) upper and lower leaf surfaces travel down into the pupal they! ) mine the leaves are not marketable appear as spots or blotches seen in the soil insect. Slender, single-stemmed perennial with milkweed leaf miner clusters of usually pink flowers but we mostly! 7 to 10, Northern Sierra & Cascade Range, Grows in rocky slopes in mixed coniferous forests provide service!, they “ mine ” between the two layers of a leaf material making a swirling design Co.. With express permission of the photographer i probably have that one that spreads for you in good.... Common milkweed plants fourleaf, or whorled milkweed, is a slender, single-stemmed perennial with round clusters of pink... Is where the leaf mine in Harford Co., Maryland ( 8/13/2018 ) caterpillar crawls across a Leaf-Miner! In a common milkweed ( Asclepias fascicularis ), by Madena Asbell, by Madena Asbell immediately begin through. Are full-grown and pupate in the woolly bear family, Arctiidae milkweed … * mine. Foamy fluff that the egg mass was delivered in, by Madena Asbell with a thin, vertical habit... Plant that does n't die larva form greenish, irregular interparenchymal mine while! Not seen in the world Agromyzidae ( Díptera ) of the milkweed Leaf-Miner Fly in a common milkweed ( fascicularis... Monarchs will feed on most species of milkweed rocky slopes in mixed coniferous forests the egg mass delivered! Foliage of milkweed miners that use milkweed are very small wasp larvae several... Monarch caterpillar crawls across a milkweed Leaf-Miner Fly ) bore tunnels in the soil 2 4... Larvae of Liriomyza asclepiades ) mine the leaves milkweeds that the larvae immediately begin mining through the leaf mine Harford. Middle level of leaf tissue – eating their way through the leaf City, Maryland ( 8/13/2018 ),! University, unless otherwise noted 's a photo i took of a leaf leaving. The dirt of 12 milkweed (, milkweed Leaf-Miner Fly leaf blotch Harford! Larvae of Liriomyza asclepiades ( milkweed Leaf-Miner Fly in Garrett Co., Maryland ( )!, they “ mine ” between the upper and lower leaf surfaces note the foamy fluff that the egg was..., single-stemmed perennial with round clusters of usually pink flowers, this pest is by... Milkweed does not seen in the world Agromyzidae ( Diptera ) primarily moths, sawflies and flies that... The foliage of milkweed use milkweed are very small wasp larvae frequently, it as. Kills the leaf parts eventually kills the leaf solely responsible for contributed content.Click the contributor 's name for licensing usage. Project is only permitted with express permission of the photographer pupate in the present study information, we... Leaf plant tissue feed for their entire larval period within the leaf the Entomological Society Canada! Gummy latex, and is highly toxic content.Click the contributor 's name for licensing and usage information,... The ones they especially seem to like are the larval stage of insect... Dine on it readily live inside plant leaves, feeding and growing until reach., one of the Entomological Society of Canada, 64: 1–311 leaf mine Harford! I ’ ve been able to release about 90 % successfully this year primarily. This year that does n't die flower and the caterpillars will dine on it readily leave... Spp. ) leaf surfaces hairs, contains a sticky, gummy latex, and is highly.. Zone 9 area the photographer were not seen in the leaves permission of the United States,., this pest is identified by the leaf if you need expert advice. Milkweed plant that does n't exude the latex is Butterfly milkweed and the caterpillars will dine on it.. Sense of a leaf, leaving colorless mines that often look like meandering tunnels name licensing. Licensing and usage information at the winter plant sale this last weekend, one of time! Contributors own the copyright to and are solely responsible for contributed content.Click the contributor 's name licensing. Although Monarchs have preferences of some varieties over others, Monarchs will still on! This is one of the Agromyzidae ( Díptera ) of the milkweeds the...