When treated, Silver birch wood makes good fence posts. Gray birch grows to 10 m tall; trunks are seldom over 1.5 dm thick. Public use via the Internet for non-profit and educational purposes is permitted. Your help is appreciated. Generally growing in a multi trunk, curving or leaning fashion it makes for a beautiful focal point in both residential and commercial landscape settings. NO. These are the unfolding leaves of White Elm, Ulmus americana, (Keeler, 1915). height: The Gray Birch grows around 20 to 30 feet tall. The Go Botany project is supported Postal Address. Though birches can tolerate moderate drought, they grow best when they have cool roots. Seed banks accumulate in the soil, possibly facilitating rapid regeneration after a disturbance. Resistant to bronze birch borer, air pollution, and road salt. Gray Pine Needles. Blooms in April. Whitespire Senior gray birch (Betula populifolia ‘Whitespire’): Good resistance to bronze birch borer. White Elm Fruit. If a 20-ft (6-m) birch tree is too tall for your backyard, check out the Betula utilis ‘Long Trunk’ Tree. Bark of the birch can be white, grey, yellow, silver or black in color. Gray birch grows quickly to 20 to 30 feet tall and 15 inch trunk diameter, with an irregular open crown of slender branches. Birch trees are recognizable by their bark, which peels off in strips in all birches except the gray birch. It has proven over time to be one of the most useful birch on difficult landscape sites. The flowers are wind-pollinated catkins 5–8 cm long, the male catkins pendulous and the female catkins erect. Starker lists gray birch as low in resistance to fire, ranking it 17th out of 22 fire-resistant hardwoods in the northeastern United States. (1) Apply Winged (e.g. unintentionally); has become naturalized. Discover thousands of New England plants. USDA hardiness zones: 4A through 6B (Fig. Gypsy moth caterpillars feed on most hardwood trees, except ash. It is a short-lived, small, pioneer species that readily colonizes clearings. japonica Rehd. Birch trees are recognizable by their bark, which peels off in strips in all birches except the gray birch. The bark of the saplings and trees is white, but punctuated with gray chevrons where the branches meet the trunk. Orange in color where the scales reveal the under bark of the tree. The simple leaves are alternate, singly or doubly serrate, feather-veined, petiolate and stipulate. Betula populifolia Gray Pine Needles. The branch of a Gray Birch tree, native to northeast North America. reddish brown, thin and smooth on young trunks; chalky white with prominent black triangular patches at the base of each branch; does not peel very readily; Culture. The Gray Birch is very easy to grow. Painting Gray birch = Betula populifolia / Marcia G. Norman.. 1975. is an infrequent birch hybrid often referred to as the blue birch. Birch trees have simple leaves with toothed edges called margins. By appointment only 5094 route 125 Rawdon, Quebec Canada J0K 1S0 514-418-4109 5094 route 125 Rawdon, Quebec Canada J0K 1S0 514-418-4109 Branch of Gray Birch. Blanch. The fruit, maturing in autumn, is composed of many tiny winged seeds packed between the catkin bracts. Fruit & Nut Amaranth Clusters, Buy online Fruit & Nut Amaranth Clusters.Mama & Peaches is a curated boutique that offers trusted advice along with mindfully curated safe, eco-friendly and innovative product and bundles for conscious parents Birch trees have simple leaves with toothed edges called margins. Gray birch is able sprout from the root crown after aboveground portions are killed by fire . Branch of Gray Birch. Starker lists gray birch as low in resistance to fire, ranking it 17th out of 22 fire-resistant hardwoods in the northeastern United States. Grey birch has Bark is whitish, and it peels very little. County documented: documented Fruit Characteristics. Regular price $9.99 Sale price $5.00 Sale. Status. Deciduous. The trees begin producing fruit at 8 years of age. The trees begin producing fruit at 8 years of age. The tree often has multiple trunks branching off of an old stump. Gray Birch1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION A small, North American native tree, gray birch reaches 20 to 30 feet in height with a 10 to 20-foot spread, often forming loose, open thickets in the wild but easily trained to a single, slender trunk with an irregular, upright, pyramidal silhouette (Fig. In addition to the distinction in the color of the bark, an important character which distinguishes the gray birch from all other species of birch, is found in the terminal twigs, which are rough to the touch. College of Agriculture, Health and Natural Resources. Fruit: Cone like, cylindrical, 1 inch long, deciduous at maturity releasing tiny, 2-winged nutlets; maturing in late summer and dispersed in early autumn. Location of Betula populifolia 'Whitespire' (Whitespire Senior gray birch… Betula French name: Bouleau gris. Its twigs were often a component in kitchen whisks and brooms. The Yellow Birch tree is the most frequently used birch for lumber. Fruit. B. populifolia) and have scales with divergent lateral lobes (vs. ascending lobes in Bark: Chalky white in color, does not peel from the tree as White Birch does. Gray birch is a rapid grower (0.6 m per year) and short-lived (approximately 20 years). gray birch. N. gray birch. RI, native to northeastern United States and northeastern Canada; zone 3 ; common on poor, sandy soils; an early colonizer of poor sites, road cuts, burned areas. 12 metres (40 feet) 50+ years. ×‌caerulea Dark green above and paler below. This shows the cluster of two leaves of the Gray Pine, Pinus divaricata, (Keeler, 1915). Bark. The strength and coloration of the … Black in color with large scales turning out from the tree. Names. Illinois. 1/4 to 1/2 inch berries clustered on branch, dark red in color turning dark purple to black when ripe. Gray Birch. in part by the National Science Foundation. Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions Cylindrical clusters of winged nutlets, borne at end of branches, 2 to 3 inches long. Gray birch grows to 10 m tall; trunks are seldom over 1.5 dm thick. Copyright: various copyright holders. The fruit is a small samara, although the wings may be obscure in some species. As the number of gypsy moth larvae in an area increases, their favorite food sources become depleted. ash, maple, elm, etc.) They differ from the alders (Alnus, other genus in the family) in that the female catkins are not woody and disintegrate at maturity, falling apart to release the seeds, unlike the woody cone-like female alder catkins. Bark is chalky-white with black triangular markings. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Betula alleghaniensis. Get outdoors for some landscaping or spruce up your garden! The thin bark of gray birch is very flammable, so the tree is easily injured by fire [4,31]. Originally thought to be Betula platyphylla japonica, Whitespire has recently been identified as Betula populifolia, Gray Birch, a species known to be bronze birch borer resistant. Colnect collectors club revolutionizes your collecting experience! Gray birch trees grow in zones 3 to 6, thrive in full sun and part shade, and can tolerate many soil types. They remind us of our childlike innocence and our inner resolve to adventure beyond the confines of the ordinary world. × Expand. We depend on Rarely 12 m (40 feet) tall, it is covered almost to the ground with flexible branches that form a narrow, pyramidal crown. This small weeping birch cultivar takes 20 years to grow 16 ft. (5 m) tall. Take a photo and Genus: Betula – Family: Betulaceae. Fall. to exist in the county by to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within The name 'Whitespire' was incorrectly assigned to Betula platyphylla. Non-native: introduced Leaves are acuminate, with serrated edges near the tip. The leaves are 5-7.5 cm long by 4–6 cm wide, alternately arranged, ovate, and tapering to an elongated tip. Hedborn Jr., Edward A. Gray birch is a rapid grower (0.6 m per year) and short-lived (approximately 20 years). These lenticels are characteristic of all birch and cherry trees. The fruit is a small samara, although the wings may be obscure in some species. Birch – Wonderer. The glossy pointy leaves turn an outstanding yellow in the fall. The wood is medium hard and is used for high grade plywood, furniture, drum shells, spools and firewood. Gray birch is a rapid grower (0.6 m per year) and short-lived (approximately 20 years). The fruit, maturing in autumn, is composed of many tiny winged seeds packed between the catkin bracts. For details, please check with your state. Fruit: Winged nutlet encased in a drooping cone like structure 1 inch long. Matures in autumn, disperses over winter. very easy to grow; tolerant of most soils, especially dry, gravely soils Male catkins (elongated Fruit. To reuse an Scientific name: Betula populifolia. Only Colnect automatically matches collectibles you want with collectables collectors offer for sale or swap. It does not kill the plant however, very prone to being bent over or snapped off by ice storms of heavy snows, black triangular patches on bark at branch bases, by seed; cold or light will break dormancy. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. Endangered. The thin bark of gray birch is very flammable, so the tree is easily injured by fire [4,31]. native to northeastern United States and northeastern Canada. The bark of the paper birch, however, is a clear white and peels off in thin papery layers instead of being close. Gray Birch. Gray birch is also less susceptible to the bronze birch borer pests that plague paper birch. NH, Use this as a wonderful, sophisticated choice for both front yard or backyard landscaping in colder zones. 2×9. Regular price $6.99 Sale price $3.50 Sale. Deep ridges on the bark are characteristic for the older plants. (Wetland indicator code: The Hardy Fruit Tree Nursery grows fruit trees for the Northern climate of Canada. You simply can't go wrong with a Whitespire Birch. Young trees have smooth bark. The trees begin producing fruit at 8 years of age. It is native primarily from Southeastern Canada to Virginia, with a scattering of plants extending westward to Illinois. B. populifolia). Gray birch grows to 10 m tall; trunks are seldom over 1.5 dm thick. Gray birch (Betula populifolia) Return to our Trees of Canada resource here: Trees of Canada → Type. the state. state. Leaves are acuminate, with serrated edges near the tip. Height: Up to 30 feet tall. It is a short-lived, small, pioneer species that readily colonizes clearings. Fruit: Cone like, cylindrical, 3/4 inch long, deciduous at maturity, releasing tiny 2-winged nutlets. Garden designers across the country love this improved selection of Gray Birch with its good pest resistance and enormously ornamental features. Appearance: Small tree, often grows in clumps; narrow, open crown. Bark is chalky-white with black triangular markings. They prefer oak, poplar, gray birch and fruit trees. Soil Type: Prefers sandy, rocky, gravelly sites and heavier soils.Tolerates wet and dry conditions. All Characteristics, the flower includes only one cycle of petals or sepals, the sepals are fused to each other (not other flower parts), at least near their bases, the underside of the leaf has hairs on it, the base of the leaf blade is cuneate (wedge-shaped, tapers to the base with relatively straight, converging edges), or narrow, the base of the leaf blade is truncate (ends abruptly in a more or less straight line as though cut off), at least some of the hairs on the leaf blade have glands at their tips, the leaf blade has tangled or woolly-looking hairs, without glands, the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is rhombic (roughly diamond-shaped), the leaf blade is triangular, with the stalk or attachment point on one of the sides, the twigs have hairs with glands at their tips. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Fruit from a Gray Birch (Betula populifolia). Photographic image Acer negundo (Boxelder), fruit, mature. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). a sighting. Some of its popular common names are Yellow birch, Swamp birch, Gray birch, golden birch and Silver birch. Split page, species info on the left, room for notes on the right. post Birch trees are symbolic of the one who never stops wondering. Order tree seeds online or call (802) 324-3164 to place your order. Also covers those considered historical (not seen Shop now for over 600 species of tree seeds for sale. Gray Birch (Betula populifolia) The weirdly named American hophornbeam is (quite obviously) closely related to the American hornbeam. Exact status definitions can vary from state to Betula cordifolia Fruit Trees; Hardwood Trees; Nut Trees; Birch – Wonderer. Use of the materials for profit is prohibited. Gray birch is notable for its glossy-green, triangular and coarsely-toothed leaves. The ovate-triangular leaf blades are 6–10 cm long, have an acuminate apex, and have (6–) 7–9 pairs of lateral veins (vs. (8–) 9–12 in It is most easily confused for the paper b… Fruit. The fruit ripens in September and goes to seed while the leaves fall off after turning yellow, typically in November. Comparisons: The paper birch (Betula papyrifera) is apt to be confused with the gray birch, because both have a white bark. Bareroot Seedlings Age: P+1.5 Size: 20+ cm . The trees begin producing fruit at 8 years of age. Young Gray Birch. BARE ROOT SINGLE STEM: 8556: F20-S21 * BIRWHSB24: BIRCH WHITESPIRE 24in. In Ohio it most commonly occurs in the northeastern quarter of the state, but can be found southward in ravines along the western edge of the Allegheny Plateau. Gray birch is able sprout from the root crown after aboveground portions are killed by fire . Gray birch, in some respects, is like an exaggeration of the characteristics that make paper birch adapted to life as a pioneer species. Bark is chalky-white with black triangular markings. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. All rights reserved. Leaf: Alternate, triangular in shape 2 to 3 inches long, sharply toothed margin. Betula is Latin for birch and describes a genus of about 60 species of deciduous trees and shrubs found in many gardens and landscapes throughout the northern hemisphere. Forest edges, forests, meadows and fields, shrublands or thickets, wetland margins (edges of wetlands), woodlands, Occurs in wetlands or non-wetlands. Common English name: Gray birch. This has produced many mislabeled collections in regional herbaria. an early colonizer of poor sites, road cuts, burned areas. Pronunciation: BET-yoo-luh pop-yoo-lih-FOLE-ee-uh. Gray birch… Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. All images and text © Fruit Fruit shape: elongatedFruit length: .5 to 1 inch, 1 to 3 inchesFruit covering: dry or hardFruit color: brown ... Gray birch will grow easily in full sun or partial shade on almost any soil, tolerating the poorest, driest soils to wet, streamside locations. Leaves are triangular shaped. Latin (scientific) name: Betula populifolia. Young trees have smooth bark. Species info will be truncated to fit on the page. Fruit from a Gray Birch (Betula populifolia). filter Not showy (tiny, of little ornamental value) (22) Apply Not showy (tiny, of … small nutlets held in cylindrical catkins, 0.75" to 1.25" long; Bark. Citation and Acknowledgements: University of Connecticut Plant Database, http://hort.uconn.edu/plants, Mark H. Brand, Department of Plant Science and Landscape Architecture, Storrs, CT 06269-4067 USA. Birch & Brush - 189 Followers, 1.18k Following, 1676 pins | I apply paint color blends on wood bowls, resulting in deep-hued finishes. Edible fruit/nut tree? Found this plant? Fruit length: .5 to 1 inch, 1 to 3 inches Fruit covering: dry or hard Fruit color: brown Fruit characteristics: attracts birds; not showy; fruit/leaves not a litter problem Trunk and Branches Trunk/bark/branches: branches droop; showy; typically one trunk; thorns Pruning requirement: little required Breakage: resistant Current year twig color: brown, gray Note: when native and non-native Birch Catkins. It very seldom shows any dark triangular markings on the trunk. Uses. B. pendula and 1). 20' to 40' tall with only a 10' to 20' spread, often multiple stemmed and used as a "clump" birch, alternate, simple leaves, 2" to 3.5" long leaves, long acuminate tip on ovate or triangular leaf, blooms in April, but catkins visible prior to bloom, male catkins 2" to 3.5" long; borne singly, rarely in twos, small nutlets held in cylindrical catkins, 0.75" to 1.25" long, reddish brown, thin and smooth on young trunks, chalky white with prominent black triangular patches at the base of each branch, tolerant of most soils, especially dry, gravely soils, high pH soils should be avoided to prevent chlorosis, possible for bark, but better birches around, birch leaf miner is very disfiguring to the foliage and major limitation. Norman, Marcia Gaylord. Selected over twenty years ago by Dr. Edward R. Hasselkus at the University of Wisconsin, Madison Arboretum. 9.  Gray birch… Other characters: The fruit is a catkin. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for Found in the Maritime provinces on sand and gravel soils in full sun conditions. Uses: specimen; reclamation; container or planter. The fruit of the Gray birch is composed of tiny winged seeds packed between Catkin Bracts. VT. Woodlands, swamps, wetland margins, forests, regenerating fields. Fast & Free shipping on many items! Family: Betulaceae. The smooth creamy white bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape. Gray birch, (Betula populifolia), slender ornamental tree of the family Betulaceae, found in clusters on moist sites in northeastern North America. These are the fruit, or samara, of White Elm, Ulmus americana, (Keeler, 1915). B. cordifolia). In the 19th Century the species was classified as B. lutea, from the Latin lutum for ‘yellow’. Birds eat the catkins, seeds, and sap, while hares, porcupines, and beaver eat the bark and twigs. 27" Metallic Sequin Beaded Berry Spray in Red/Green. White Elm Leaves . Collections of this nothospecies were incorrectly referred to as This shows the cluster of two leaves of the Gray Pine, Pinus divaricata, (Keeler, 1915). Shop great deals on Birch Tree Seeds. Since ‘Whitespire’ has been identified as Gray Birch and a resistant species, we feel it is unnecessary to grow vegetatively. Also known as Betula populifolia. Twig: Slender, orange-brown to gray in color with warty, raised lenticels that give the twig a rough feel; buds are slender, pointed, green and brown, terminal bud is lacking. Silver birch flowers appear in April and May before developing into fruit by late June. Gray Birch has dark green foliage throughout the season. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant. cone or cone-like; cone greater than 1 inch long; wings on both sides of scales; seed with wings; smooth winged nutlets; cone short, robust ; cone 2 times as long as wide; scales hairy; Yellow Birch. Bark is chalky-white with black triangular markings. The Gypsy Moth (Lymantria dispar), introduced accidentally in 1868/1869 into Massachusetts from Europe, is a major pest of hardwood trees in the eastern U.S. and in bordering areas of eastern Canada. Male catkins (elongated Betula populifolia Marshall – gray birch Subordinate Taxa. On older trunks the smooth bark breaks open and curls back in thin plates. It is a tree attaining heights to 20 m with exfoliating cream-white to pink-white bark. A leaf from the white or gray birch. Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions Cylindrical clusters of winged nutlets, borne at end of branches, 2 to 3 inches long. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust Leaves are acuminate, with serrated edges near the tip. Thickets of young trees provide cover for bobcats. Black triangular scars where the branches leave the trunk of the tree. is shown on the map. Shop a huge online selection at eBay.com. Showy (obvious or colorful or abundant, etc.) April 18 2009. The pyramidal shape is instantly recognizable. Gray birch, Betula populifolia Characteristics: Gray birch grows quickly to 20 to 30 feet tall and 15 inchs trunk diameter, with an irregular open crown of slender branches. Gray Birch, Old Field Birch Betulaceae. Birch Lenticels (Horizontal Lines) Common name (s): Gray birch. Bark of the birch can be white, grey, yellow, silver or black in color. The leaves are 5-7.5 cm long (2 in) by 4–6 cm wide (1.5-2.3 in), alternately It has distinctive black marks under each branch. → Gypsy Moth. (10) Apply Showy (obvious or colorful or abundant, etc.) Common names are from state and federal lists. Stamp: American Trees:Gray Birch (United States of America) (American Trees Issue) Mi:US 1367,Sn:US 1767,Yt:US 1225,Sg:US 1739. Threat/Diseases: Possible threats are leaf minors and cankers. Gray birch never attains the girth or stature of yellow or paper birch, but its easy-to-work wood is still prized for small projects, such as turning bowls. Indiana. Betula populifolia Marshall – gray birch Subordinate Taxa. The genus, Betula, is the Latin word for the birch tree. Grow fast-growing trees with the highest quality seed germination. Common names are from state and federal lists. This plant has no children Legal Status. Location of Betula populifolia 'Whitespire' (Whitespire Senior gray birch… The branch of a Gray Birch tree, native to northeast North America. CT, MA, ME, 27" Metallic Sequin Beaded Berry Spray in Red/Green. Buy, sell, trade and exchange collectibles easily with Colnect collectors community. Gray birch is a rapid grower (0.6 m per year) and short-lived (approximately 20 years). 2021 The barkis chalky to grayish white with black triangular patches where branch meets trunk. (intentionally or Gray birch grows to 10 m tall; trunks are seldom over 1.5 dm thick. Commercial Value: Grey Birch trees are used to make high grade plywood, furniture, drum shells, and for firewood. Can you please help us? It is now assigned to Betula populifolia and the plants are often sold under the name 'Whitespire Senior' to avoid confusion. ash, maple, elm, etc.) This plant has no children Legal Status. The Gray Birch - Betula populifolia- Marshall, is most easily distinguished by it's triangular leaf with flattened base, elongated tip and doubly toothed margins.It is a deciduous tree that reached heights of about 40 feet. The colors highlight the wood's grain … Boxelder Bug Leptocoris trivittatus Boxelder, ash, maple, fruit trees X X Bronze Birch Borer (flatheaded borer) Agrilus anxius European white birch, water birch, paper birch, yellow birch, Whitebarked Himalayan Birch, Gray Birch, Sweet Birch X X X Browntail Moth Euproctis chrysorrhoea Oak, shadbush, apple, cherry, beach plum, hawthorn X X Habitat. Habit and Form. The bark of the saplings and trees is white, but punctuated with gray chevrons where the branches meet the trunk. The cones are 0.75-1.5" (2-4cm) long, cylindrical, green at first, but brown when ripe ; When ripe, they break apart very easily into small nutlets with two wings and bracts with three lobes  Height  The tree grows to be 50' (15m) tall and has a spreading crown of drooping branches, similar to other birches like the Gray Birch; commercial value. Gray birch grows quickly to 20 to 30 feet tall and 15 inch trunk diameter, with an irregular open crown of slender branches. 2) Origin: native to North America. B. pendula var. Gray birch produces abundant seed crops annually from the age of 8 until it dies young, between 30 and 50 years old. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). Gypsy moth caterpillars feed on most hardwood trees, except ash. White or Gray Birch Leaf. They are dark green and glabrous above and paler below, with a coarsely serrated margin. Like other North American birches, gray birch is highly resistant to the bronze birch … Deep ridges on the bark are characteristic for the older plants. Item Description On Hand Ready; BIRWHSB18: BIRCH WHITESPIRE 18in. Invasive potential: weedy native. Underplant with a ground cover or mulch well, and avoid heaping the mulch against the stem. 24" Gray Birch Tree Branch. FAC). Also known as Betula populifolia. Gray Birch . Marsh. The bark on limbs and young trunks is silvery-yellowish in color, hence the name. Gray birch is notable for its glossy-green, triangular and coarsely-toothed leaves. you. Show Availability. About Hardy Fruit Trees. Native. White Star "Eriostemon myoporoides. 24" Gray Birch Tree Branch. Other names: Wire birch. Betula populifolia by many early collectors (due to misapplication of names; see Fernald 1922b). Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Asian White Birch Growing and Maintenance Tips. Also covers Habitat. The digital materials (images and text) available from the UConn Plant Database are protected by copyright. Noteworthy Characteristics. White/Gray (1) Apply White ... (-) Remove Brown filter Brown (-) Remove Green filter Green (-) Remove Catkins (such as in birch, poplar, oak, etc) filter Catkins (such as in birch, poplar, oak, etc) Filter by fruit shape: Winged (e.g. Gray birch looks very similar to paper birch (Betula papyrifera) with its chalky, white bark, but is much more tolerant of heat and dry soils, making it more suitable than paper birch for the warmer zones of eastern American landscapes. 1. a complete flower; 2. the ovary, seated in a cup-shaped disk, surrounded… White-Lily. The species, alleghaniensis, refers to the Allegheny Mountains where the tree is widespread. Betula populifolia. They often appear in pairs, but these pairs are really borne on spur-like, two-leaved, lateral branchlets. Betula grossa, or Japanese Cherry Birch, is a conical-shaped tree with cherry-like bark that turn dark grey. B. cordifolia and 5–7 in The carpellate aments are 25–50 mm long at maturity (vs. 10–25 (–30) mm in They prefer oak, poplar, gray birch and fruit trees. The tree often has multiple trunks branching off of an old stump. in 20 years). Leaves are acuminate, with serrated edges near the tip. populations both exist in a county, only native status This tree is limited to a cool, moist habitat. Gray Birch (Betula populifolia) Other Names: White Birch, Poplar Birch, Poverty Birch The Gray Birch is a fast growing tree that grows to heights of 20 to 40 feet. State documented: documented When half grown or larger, the larvae are also likely to feed on evergreens. Gray birch will tolerate a range of soil moistures and conditions, except high pH. Host Plant: Aspen and cottonwood (Populus), willows (Salix), gray birch (Betula populifolia), and paper birch (B. papyrifera) Nectar Source: Sap, rotting fruit, nectar of willow flowers. Gray Birch. Betula populifolia, commonly called gray birch, is a short-lived, narrow-columnar, suckering, deciduous tree that typically grows to 20-40’ tall.It most often appears in a multi-trunked form, but also grows with a single trunk. ; Nut trees ; hardwood trees, except ash ( 5 m ) tall Metallic Sequin Beaded Berry Spray Red/Green... And coloration of the … young gray birch grows to 10 m tall trunks. For high grade plywood, furniture, drum shells, spools and firewood Boxelder ),,. Plant Trust Discover thousands of New England plants Trust Discover thousands of New England.! Trunks are seldom over 1.5 dm thick by late June air pollution, road... 1.25 '' long ; bark is very flammable, so the tree often multiple... Seeds, and can tolerate many soil types are really borne on spur-like, two-leaved, branchlets... Years old Maintenance Tips grower ( 0.6 m per year ) and short-lived ( approximately 20 years.. Maturity, releasing tiny 2-winged nutlets tree attaining heights to 20 m with exfoliating cream-white to pink-white bark edges margins... To 1.25 '' long ; bark quite obviously ) closely related to the bronze birch borer under name. Male catkins ( elongated Asian white birch Growing and Maintenance Tips dimension to the bronze borer! That plague paper birch two-leaved, lateral branchlets designers across the country love this improved selection gray. By 4–6 cm wide, alternately arranged, ovate, and avoid heaping the mulch against the stem uses specimen. The saplings and trees is white, grey, yellow, silver birch wood makes good fence.... Takes 20 years ) and for firewood exist in a county within state! Grow 16 ft. ( 5 m ) tall landscape sites lists gray birch, however, composed! To bronze birch borer pests that plague paper birch to see who you will need to contact with triangular... They have cool roots when ripe maturing in autumn, is a short-lived, small pioneer! Thin bark of the one who never stops wondering through 6B ( Fig it peels very little North. 20 m with exfoliating cream-white to pink-white bark in colder zones populations both exist in a Cone... ( due to misapplication of names ; see Fernald 1922b ) years.... Years ) by evidence ( herbarium specimen, photograph ) exact status definitions can vary from state to state alleghaniensis... The cluster of two leaves of the birch can be white, grey,,. Seedlings age: P+1.5 Size: 20+ cm northeastern United States very seldom shows dark... In cylindrical catkins, seeds, and sap, while hares, porcupines and... Populifolia ‘ Whitespire ’ ): good resistance to bronze birch borer, air pollution, and for firewood of! Beyond the confines of the most frequently used birch for lumber to as B. var. Characteristic for the older plants lateral branchlets in regional herbaria of this nothospecies were incorrectly referred to as B. and!, drum shells, and road salt choice for both front yard or backyard landscaping in colder.! The Internet for non-profit and educational purposes is permitted historical ( not seen in 20 years to grow ft.... Leaves turn an outstanding yellow in the state, but not documented to exist in the soil possibly. Green foliage throughout the season color where the scales reveal the under of... Cylindrical, 3/4 inch long, sharply toothed margin branching off of an old stump seeds, it. Trees with the highest quality seed germination lists gray birch Botany: native plant Trust respective! Not peel from the UConn plant Database are protected by copyright only native status is shown the. In colder zones and paler below, with a scattering of plants westward. Inner resolve to adventure beyond the confines of the saplings and trees is white,,... Serrated margin birch = Betula populifolia → Betula ×‌caerulea Blanch Description on Ready... Photographic image Acer negundo ( Boxelder ), fruit, maturing in autumn, is a,... Dr. Edward R. Hasselkus at the University of Wisconsin, Madison Arboretum older plants Botany project supported... A drooping Cone like, cylindrical, 3/4 inch long, deciduous at maturity, releasing 2-winged. Ovary, seated in a cup-shaped disk, surrounded… White-Lily stops wondering to fire, ranking it out... Our childlike innocence and our inner resolve to adventure beyond the confines of the … young gray birch quickly... Fruit from a gray birch is a small samara, although the wings be., porcupines, and beaver eat the catkins, 0.75 '' to ''! Pendula and B. pendula var at maturity, releasing tiny 2-winged nutlets seen 20! ; birch – Wonderer diameter, with serrated edges near the tip accumulate! Well, and sap, gray birch fruit hares, porcupines, and it peels little... A coarsely serrated margin, only native status is shown on the left, for. Coarsely serrated margin best when they have cool roots in shape 2 to 3 inches long, sharply margin! Fruit trees air pollution, and avoid heaping the mulch against the.. That plague paper birch that turn dark grey older plants fruit is a conical-shaped with. Any dark triangular markings on the page scales reveal the under bark of gray birch with its good pest and... The confines of the gray Pine, Pinus divaricata, ( Keeler, ). To get a complete protected plant list for that location and avoid heaping the against... Triangular and coarsely-toothed leaves n't go wrong with a scattering of plants extending westward to Illinois by copyright place to... Elm, Ulmus americana, ( Keeler, 1915 ), photograph ) under the name 'Whitespire Senior ' avoid! On spur-like, two-leaved, lateral branchlets over 600 species of tree seeds for Sale swap. Discover thousands of New England plants fruit are ornamentally significant herbarium specimen, photograph ) county evidence. ), fruit, or samara, of white Elm, Ulmus americana, Keeler. Type: Prefers sandy, rocky, gravelly sites and heavier soils.Tolerates wet and dry.! Obvious or colorful or abundant, etc. appearance: small tree, native northeast... Forests, regenerating fields '' to 1.25 '' long ; bark refers to the birch! Lutea, from the root crown after aboveground portions are killed by fire [ 4,31 ] wrong with a birch... Years of gray birch fruit: grey birch trees have simple leaves with toothed edges called margins to a cool moist. The mulch against the stem from Southeastern Canada to Virginia, with serrated near. By 4–6 cm wide, alternately arranged, ovate, and for firewood with Colnect collectors community,! Spools and firewood mislabeled collections in regional herbaria this has produced many collections. Negundo ( Boxelder ), fruit, or samara, of white,! '' Metallic Sequin Beaded Berry Spray in Red/Green who you will need to.. Scars where the branches meet the trunk strength and coloration of the paper birch, composed. Used birch for lumber room for notes on the page flowers nor the ripens... Height: the gray Pine, Pinus divaricata, ( Keeler, 1915 ) with! Latin word for the Northern climate of Canada → Type wrong with a coarsely serrated.. To the bronze birch borer digital materials ( images and text ) available from the UConn plant are! Being close silvery-yellowish in color from the root crown after aboveground portions are killed by fire [ ]. And dry conditions leaves are alternate, singly or doubly serrate, feather-veined, petiolate and stipulate collectors.! 8 years of age tolerate a range of soil moistures and conditions, except ash and coarsely-toothed.... To 6, thrive in full sun conditions collections in regional herbaria to the bronze birch gray! Often grows in clumps ; narrow, open crown of slender branches childlike innocence our. M with exfoliating cream-white to pink-white bark: gray birch fruit nutlet encased in a county within the state (... Inch long, deciduous at maturity, releasing tiny 2-winged nutlets in resistance to bronze birch borer pests that paper... For over 600 species of tree seeds online or call ( 802 ) 324-3164 to place order! → Type silver birch 8 until it dies young, between 30 and 50 years.. Pairs, but these pairs are really borne on spur-like, two-leaved, lateral.. Smooth bark breaks open and curls back in thin plates, drum,. The simple leaves with toothed edges called margins 'Whitespire ' was incorrectly assigned Betula. Cordifolia × Betula populifolia / Marcia G. Norman.. 1975 pairs, but not to! Moistures and conditions, except ash get outdoors for some landscaping or spruce your. Wide, alternately arranged, ovate, and can tolerate moderate drought, grow! To make high grade plywood, furniture, drum shells, and can tolerate many soil types caterpillars on! Automatically matches collectibles you want with collectables collectors offer for Sale or swap 3/4 inch long sharply..., porcupines, and beaver eat the catkins, seeds, and avoid heaping the against! In Red/Green birch flowers appear in April and may before developing into fruit by late June in thin papery instead... Edward R. Hasselkus at the University of Wisconsin, Madison Arboretum tree is the most useful birch difficult! On Hand Ready ; BIRWHSB18: birch Whitespire 18in documented: documented to a cool, moist habitat stem! Swamps, wetland margins, forests, regenerating fields England plants air pollution and. Regeneration after a disturbance Trust or respective copyright holders makes good fence posts soil:! Where branch meets trunk m per year ) and short-lived ( approximately 20 years ), alleghaniensis, refers the. Threats are leaf minors and cankers, which peels off in strips in all birches except gray!